40 Years of Change: 1975 to Today

Thursday, February 26, 2015

Since 1975 Australia has seen four decades of massive change – demographically, socially, economically, politically, globally, culturally and technologically.

In such an area it is important to not just observe the changes but to understand the trends and respond, so that we can thrive in these massive times of change.

In this video below Social Researcher and Demographer Mark McCrindle outlines these changes.

Australian population bigger and older

In 1975 the Builders generation was firmly in control, the Baby Boomers were emerging and Generation X were still kids. More than half of Australia’s population wasn’t born in 1975 and since then we’ve seen massive generational change. We’ve also seen massive population change. Back then Australia’s population was 13.7 million and today it’s almost 24 million people, an increase of more than 10 million in four decades.

In the 1970s, the average age of an Australian was in the late 20’s, while today it’s in the late 30’s, such has been the ageing of our population in that time.

Our life stages have also changed in the past 40 years. People were getting married in their early twenties back in the seventies, while now the median age of marriage is approaching the thirties, indicating great social change as well.

Earning more, costing more

Australians are also earning a lot more now than we were back then; the average full time earnings in 1975 was $7,600 per year, today the annual average earnings exceed $72,000 per annum.

And while we are earning more, costs are a lot more today than they were back then. The cost of a loaf of bread today is more than 10 times the price it was in 1975, while a litre of milk today is 3 times the cost it was 4 decades ago.

Four decades ago Sydney had the highest house cost, averaging $28,000 while today it exceeds $850,000. So while earnings have gone up, by almost tenfold, house prices have gone up by more than thirtyfold in that same period of time.

The year of the Dismissal and an end to the Vietnam War

1975 was a year of massive political change as well. The year began with Gough Whitlam as Australia’s Prime Minister, but it was the year of the Dismissal and so it ended with Malcom Fraser as Prime Minister.

Gerald Ford was the president of the United States and it was the year that the Vietnam War ended, a time of massive global change.

Jaws vs The Lego Movie

From a popular culture perspective it was quite a different era. We had harsher tastes back then perhaps because Jaws was the movie of the year compared to The Lego Movie of today. ACDC had the album of the year back then compared to Taylor Swift currently.

1970: The Beatles break up.

1972: M*A*S*H Show premieres.

1972: Terrorist attack at the Olympic Games in Munich.

1973: U.S pulls out of Vietnam.

1975: Pol Pot becomes the Communist Dictator of Cambodia and the Cambodian Genocide begins.

1975: Gough Whitlam is dismissed and Malcom Fraser elected.

1975: NBC's Saturday Night (later known as Saturday Night Live) debuts.

1976: Jimmy Carter is elected President of the United States.

1979: Margaret Thatcher becomes the first woman Prime Minister of Great Britain.

1979: Mother Theresa awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

1979: The World Health Organisation certifies the eradication of smallpox.

Popular Movies:

Technological advancements that changed the world

1970: Computer Floppy Disks are introduced.

1971: VCRs introduced.

1975: Microsoft is founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen, who develop a BSIC program for the Microcomputer Altair 8800, and is released the same year.

1975: The world’s first digital camera is created by Steven Sasson and Kodak Company.

1975: The laser printer is invented.

1977: The first personal computers (PC) are introduced.

1979: Sony introduces the Walkman.

1979: Cell phones are invented.

The speed and impact of these changes remind us to not just observe the changes but to understand the changes and respond so that we can thrive in these times of massive change.

To find out more about how we can help your organisation remain relevant:

Welcome to our blog...

We have a passion for research that tells a story, that can be presented visually, that brings about change and improves organisations. And we hope these resources help you know the times.

Our Social Media Sites

Facebook | McCrindle Research Social Media YouTube | McCrindle Research Social Media Twitter | McCrindle Research Social Media Flickr | McCrindle Research Social Media Pinterest | McCrindle Research Social Media Google Plus | McCrindle Research Social Media LinkedIn | McCrindle Research Social Media Mark McCrindle Slideshare

Last 150 Articles


Sydney area generation Z future of shopping emerging generations PSI Vocational education moderators guide affordable mccrindle Gen X define wealth and income ACF vegemite 1994 australian community trends report debt Australian Population NSW care support demographics sydneycity IT Specialists offenders future-proof personalities Adelaide car Population Clock education sector screenagers gig meetings who is generation z earnings rain Hunter Valley high density non profit award christmas 2017 Mark McCrindle training financial planning change sydneysiders potts point repayments trends 23 million VET sector Territory school satisfaction proactive home ownership New South Wales average Australian donation online shopping environmental scanning relevant networking Australian schools princess charlotte life English data analyst TAS future proof property development university degree live the dream participants men winter weather pharmacies australian social research trades social shifts wealth inequality Tuesday Trends local research trends of 2016 storytelling grandparents language schools students royal family gen z crows nest wedding norwest micro apartments engage waverton breakfast media commentary goal youth unemployment charities educated prince george office opening TED talk children teacher McCrindle Speakers demographer Australian Bureau of Statistics spirituality food brisbane parenting ferry middle class tv Performance Sentiment Index conference speaker trends of 2017 gig economy typical australian group outsourcing domestic overcast 2016 census baby market research debate future australians staying home more crime aged care cars dreaming mortgage housing Black Friday in Australia public holiday NBRS Architecture Hills Shire Council social lives career suburbs research data retirement organisations financial fears celebration financial Sydney’s south west housing trends society house prices australian high density apartments 10 years NBRS trends analyst plans infographic christmas royal baby marriages contiki baby boom financial dreams video public transport thrive tuesday grave decision community engagement mythbusting Aussies data visualisation ultimo communication emerging technologies paying to work Crime Rates Australia Day Sydney Hills Business Chamber 2020 hello fresh recap sydney market Australian Dream giving technology eliane miles Christmas presents Channel Seven royal sector wide public speaking townhouses survey household Australia street workforce daily telegraph dreams digital economy mccrindle tea Research Director urban living index bondi not for profit jobs sentiments quote church transport REIV National Conference Generation Y infographic wall statistics finance visual HSC Generation X woolworths christmas trees spend list toys events Caregiver group session baby name trends pharmacy TED investment educhat financial future food bank renting Financial Planning Association Christmas season Education Future Forum Mount Annan-Currant Hill sun marketing census data Myth 1968 rise of local wealth and income distribution volunteer wellbeing TEDx staff world youth day social life nfp organisational culture Christmas day weather public speaker home owner hobart victoria Wagga Wagga jobs of the future aged care puzzle Business analysis pyrmont professional development Word Up CBD tattoos volunteers the lucky country housing market speakers pack Sydney Lifestyle Study know the times baby names australia report in the media entrepreneur Skilling work from home gender vegetarian forecasting education future report father's day census equip Research Executive slideshare travelling ashley fell government wealth distribution purpose Aussie research on coffee property market salary "know the times" 2013 consumer university communications Wodonga communities screenage meals Christchurch culturally diverse ipswich analysis digital chairty Andrew Duffin living Black Friday Sales Lower Hunter Region facts coffee shbc religion lifestyle criminal future of education Australian Home owning a home future of work sydney metro marrickville Lower Hunter follow mateship shopping centre acf15 24 million media newspaper train generational trends learner mccrinlde kate middleton James Ward energy cica buildings Channel 7 baby name predictions priorities national private wealth small business culture the australian dream tea hornsby employmee workshop education faux-cilise Sydney population Real Estate earning consumerism futurist post rationalism Deaths average sydneysider presentations NEETs etiquette research visualisation Assistant Store Manager keynote Royals divorce rate food insecurity Merry Christmas state young people charity brands The Daily Edition Valentine’s Day wage NFP event future proofing twentyseventeen baby names report internet study family FPA business millennials business index interactive speakers social trends Work place leadership Bathburst Netflix changing face of sydney hills infographics national wealth work mates bureau South Australia ashley mckenzie unemployment learning year 12 commute coffee lovers christianity the hills Tuesday Trend darwin year 7 1980 rental stress Maxim Accounting students in depth interviews growing population urban taskforce stats emerging trends 2017 2012 Northern Territory happy holidays poor generation alpha speaker cancelling plans focus group February 16 sydney hills mythbusters JOMO the great screenage Christmas Stats product sector renter of the future cost of living ACF2017 population growth case study divorce geomapping average aussie economy conference presentation cash population milestone monarchy gen alpha EFF urban living megatrends employers households global generations Christmas in Australia demographic transformations Queensland: QLD sector wide study census results commuters baby name low density Social Trend logan Australian Census micro Western Australia Scouts women mother's day anzac Northern Beaches Christian School nativity scene intern business performance moreton bay entrepreneurial cultural diversity sunny days cartodb 1975 Do It Yourself mover and shaker speajer ACT trend faux-cilising income Kirsten Brewer greatness house price US relational panel DIY research services wolloomooloo Wellington resource global retail brand engagement Willowdale Christmas lunch social research population map casual social analysis staying in mentor local community forum data seasons greetings showreel Australian community trends Australian communities baby boomers REIV Conference graphs qualitative research stay home research report Real Estate Institute of Victoria dream sustainable research pack wealth the average aussie Jura Coffee lalor park money the hills shire System's Architect housing growth economic media activity urban development annual income perth affordability unaffordable easter SRE ABS balance parents baby names schools christian hills shire huffington post goals shopper's pick Australian Families innovative employment mining boom house sydney event leadership workshop neutral bay New Zeland global financial crisis travel bus learning styles ease of travel Res Vis community personal growth World Water Day Australian demographics Australia Day 2017 employmer happiness environment Births innovation property price google SA ethnography clothing house price rise curiosity urban professional services McCridle Jura Australia FOMO Financial Planning Association of Australia customer world financial independence teleworking click cooking child care publication keynote speaker Engineering Manager optus impact not for profit research omnibus SMART school survey design investing resilience rising house prices social issues politics mccrindle in the media gold coast 40 million poker master young australians insight social commentator village Cobbitty-Leppington social researcher national crime rates medicine Macquarie University social researchers work-life litter growth of sydney Northern beaches Event friendship selfie event google for education shopping motivate eliane online dessert new york times going out sydney speaker conferences collaborative not-for-profit VIC workplace culture housing affordability tertiary education Sydney keynote speaker Black Friday professional speaker optimistic learn Kiwi Hornsby Shire Council couple cost generations royal influence sydneysider builders conference professional sunburnt country responsive states faith report Mark McCrindle in the media Love SMSF 2016 budget fresh water ACF17 younger generations socialites VET healthy future community event manly earn hopes millenials Financial Planning Week investor office wages tips Christmas research residents seasons socialising Retail property shifts focus groups youth authenticity workplace suburban living Australian Trends optus my business awards marriage names ACF 2016 demographic trends ageing media release Duchess of Cambridge census 2016 social impact McCrindle Keynote Speakers new office award winner program narcissism high school DESTEL demography generation tableau cancel plans winter blues identity australian communities forum australian real estate researcher rich presentation cultural diveristy snapshot sports dare to dream commuting australian communities trends report 2014 growth holiday real Geoff Brailey home CPI work choice workers insights experience challenge visualisation families long weekend education research society trends thought leadership GPO What is food insecurity? January 26th 2016 census results capital city internship Christmas day professional presenters ACT Report faux-ciliser summer cloudy days teachers 24,000,000 volunteering high density living social fears sydney property market daily commute donate local communities news safe global population student internships TDE demographic social change mccrindle research social commentary collaboration entertainment millionth alpha rule keeper cold entrepreneurs of today census fail communicate apartment Melbourne mobile suburb careers teach hunger volunteering data Elderslie-Harrington park cancelling event #censusfail blaxland holidays 2015 increasing densification the changing face of office space results TEDx Speaker teaching australia leader easy rider Christmas data capital cities trend tuesday belief weekly earnings city Northern Beaches rent skills apartments The ABC of XYZ ideas education future land of the middle class menai brand experience Charlotte story New Zealand Tasmania Australians aussie culture ageing population NT Queensland Canberra Gen Y deloitte social analyst friends WA social enquiry school students McCrindle Speaker Gen Z Expert forecast supply and demand social media Australian Communities Trends