40 Years of Change: 1975 to Today

Thursday, February 26, 2015

Since 1975 Australia has seen four decades of massive change – demographically, socially, economically, politically, globally, culturally and technologically.

In such an area it is important to not just observe the changes but to understand the trends and respond, so that we can thrive in these massive times of change.

In this video below Social Researcher and Demographer Mark McCrindle outlines these changes.

Australian population bigger and older

In 1975 the Builders generation was firmly in control, the Baby Boomers were emerging and Generation X were still kids. More than half of Australia’s population wasn’t born in 1975 and since then we’ve seen massive generational change. We’ve also seen massive population change. Back then Australia’s population was 13.7 million and today it’s almost 24 million people, an increase of more than 10 million in four decades.

In the 1970s, the average age of an Australian was in the late 20’s, while today it’s in the late 30’s, such has been the ageing of our population in that time.

Our life stages have also changed in the past 40 years. People were getting married in their early twenties back in the seventies, while now the median age of marriage is approaching the thirties, indicating great social change as well.

Earning more, costing more

Australians are also earning a lot more now than we were back then; the average full time earnings in 1975 was $7,600 per year, today the annual average earnings exceed $72,000 per annum.

And while we are earning more, costs are a lot more today than they were back then. The cost of a loaf of bread today is more than 10 times the price it was in 1975, while a litre of milk today is 3 times the cost it was 4 decades ago.

Four decades ago Sydney had the highest house cost, averaging $28,000 while today it exceeds $850,000. So while earnings have gone up, by almost tenfold, house prices have gone up by more than thirtyfold in that same period of time.

The year of the Dismissal and an end to the Vietnam War

1975 was a year of massive political change as well. The year began with Gough Whitlam as Australia’s Prime Minister, but it was the year of the Dismissal and so it ended with Malcom Fraser as Prime Minister.

Gerald Ford was the president of the United States and it was the year that the Vietnam War ended, a time of massive global change.

Jaws vs The Lego Movie

From a popular culture perspective it was quite a different era. We had harsher tastes back then perhaps because Jaws was the movie of the year compared to The Lego Movie of today. ACDC had the album of the year back then compared to Taylor Swift currently.

1970: The Beatles break up.

1972: M*A*S*H Show premieres.

1972: Terrorist attack at the Olympic Games in Munich.

1973: U.S pulls out of Vietnam.

1975: Pol Pot becomes the Communist Dictator of Cambodia and the Cambodian Genocide begins.

1975: Gough Whitlam is dismissed and Malcom Fraser elected.

1975: NBC's Saturday Night (later known as Saturday Night Live) debuts.

1976: Jimmy Carter is elected President of the United States.

1979: Margaret Thatcher becomes the first woman Prime Minister of Great Britain.

1979: Mother Theresa awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

1979: The World Health Organisation certifies the eradication of smallpox.

Popular Movies:

Technological advancements that changed the world

1970: Computer Floppy Disks are introduced.

1971: VCRs introduced.

1975: Microsoft is founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen, who develop a BSIC program for the Microcomputer Altair 8800, and is released the same year.

1975: The world’s first digital camera is created by Steven Sasson and Kodak Company.

1975: The laser printer is invented.

1977: The first personal computers (PC) are introduced.

1979: Sony introduces the Walkman.

1979: Cell phones are invented.

The speed and impact of these changes remind us to not just observe the changes but to understand the changes and respond so that we can thrive in these times of massive change.

To find out more about how we can help your organisation remain relevant:

Welcome to our blog...

We have a passion for research that tells a story, that can be presented visually, that brings about change and improves organisations. And we hope these resources help you know the times.

Our Social Media Sites

Facebook | McCrindle Research Social Media YouTube | McCrindle Research Social Media Twitter | McCrindle Research Social Media Flickr | McCrindle Research Social Media Pinterest | McCrindle Research Social Media Google Plus | McCrindle Research Social Media LinkedIn | McCrindle Research Social Media Mark McCrindle Slideshare

Last 150 Articles


going out Kiwi relevant keynote speaker holiday workforce greatness trends of 2016 purpose mateship professional services tertiary education royal baby future generational trends financial independence suburb hopes focus groups events 2020 aussie culture capital cities 10 years tuesday safe 2014 census results staff researcher Channel 7 Aussie Financial Planning Week challenge fears entertainment research pack DESTEL population milestone data life media release baby speakers pack priorities high density apartments rule keeper workshop capital city internships news budget January 26th growth training teacher social repayments Wagga Wagga public speaking digital Tuesday Trends cost bus women commute baby names australia report conferences brand experience sydney event tea land of the middle class Hornsby Shire Council data analyst entrepreneur daily commute townhouses bureau sector sun community engagement cloudy days 2016 census Tuesday Trend home ownership happiness winter retirement in the media sydneysiders insight collaborative renting professional ageing population Christmas lunch rich suburban living generation celebration education sector trend tuesday names hobart mccrindle research social shifts family mobile know the times school students spend property price learner intern demographic transformations the hills shire gen alpha event Australian Home small business work teach earning city report PSI school crows nest salary Australian Bureau of Statistics household summer future proofing christianity focus group ACF speaker twentyseventeen Research Director EFF infographic wall ethnography experience research 2016 infographics changing face of sydney commuters sector wide study award goals investment stay home collaboration VET sector weekly earnings baby boomers huffington post households social commentator medicine newspaper engage community event high density living criminal friendship NEETs Mark McCrindle belief Caregiver study world national crime rates forecast australians staying home more conference presentation vegetarian brand curiosity entrepreneurial Scouts Australian demographics slideshare ageing Bathburst Education Future Forum sports Tasmania snapshot waverton business royal influence states menai emerging generations children pharmacies pyrmont environmental scanning trends cost of living learning styles census 2016 demographic internship social researcher crime local deloitte google for education work-life Work place Duchess of Cambridge System's Architect micro impact stats wedding millionth insights princess charlotte wealth and income distribution etiquette storytelling home housing growth brands logan Northern beaches Event marrickville hills breakfast spirituality area student 23 million WA trend organisational culture Australia Day ideas ipswich population 1968 education future report communities survey education research sydneysider rent australia Research Executive learning internet the hills baby names emerging trends school satisfaction mortgage New Zeland online shopping SA optus my business awards owning a home education future census Population Clock DIY office opening finance millenials offenders demographics trends analyst Melbourne Hills Shire Council sydney hills ABS graphs meetings neutral bay generation alpha teleworking micro apartments cancelling event socialites Andrew Duffin easy rider housing market GPO resource real nfp culturally diverse case study lalor park house price rise South Australia mccrindle eliane miles food debt educated communications future of work 2012 urban living FPA 24 million Financial Planning Association youth Netflix mccrindle tea survey design shopping centre publication rising house prices personalities megatrends sydneycity affordability australian communities trends report sustainable faux-ciliser domestic sunburnt country Wellington debate religion SMSF sydney metro village Sydney Hills Business Chamber society trends unemployment future of education wealth and income optus group session wealth census fail Australian Communities Trends cica 2016 census results long weekend ferry social issues overcast Charlotte Real Estate google mentor networking norwest video christmas shopper's pick panel faux-cilising professional development research visualisation group change the changing face of income rental stress social impact sentiments Generation X coffee February 16 increasing densification 1994 future of shopping property market year 7 healthy future Christchurch father's day moreton bay pharmacy Macquarie University Northern Beaches Christian School young australians innovation public holiday middle class sunny days conference millennials Births New Zealand wage ACT interactive cash consumer the great screenage generations Australian communities office McCrindle Speakers forum professional presenters Australians global generations narcissism HSC Gen Y Merry Christmas communicate social trends Adelaide social analysis infographic mythbusters Royals Res Vis new york times future proof environment conference speaker presentations post rationalism child care speakers tattoos living Australian Families Engineering Manager engagement Sydney gender high school baby boom suburbs presentation award winner hills shire Queensland: QLD grandparents business index australian communities forum seasons teachers statistics VET FOMO shifts university optimistic builders authenticity Australian Dream Kirsten Brewer 24,000,000 program relational social commentary global ultimo business performance employment tv REIV National Conference hornsby work mates public speaker careers emerging technologies average sydneysider non profit young people media activity friends Australian Population cars baby name predictions results alpha story blaxland product Western Australia divorce rate VIC 2013 workplace social researchers faux-cilise investor NSW equip bondi manly Vocational education online ashley mckenzie jobs of the future ACF 2016 financial future mccrindle in the media NT omnibus media cold future-proof moderators guide language national wealth REIV Conference unaffordable earnings transport couple Generation Y world youth day innovative Australia street average aussie marriages marketing global financial crisis car cartodb technology responsive state goal keynote the australian dream media commentary rain schools visual sector wide housing trends rise of local residents winter blues 2017 mythbusting high density darwin financial fears baby name Queensland house price royal annual income dream Financial Planning Association of Australia The Daily Edition futurist Valentine’s Day CPI Australia Day 2017 skills toys The ABC of XYZ wages house prices wolloomooloo Wodonga baby names report Territory data visualisation Aussies JOMO list Australian Census society prince george easter NBRS Architecture Geoff Brailey clothing litter career contiki 2015 perth property victoria politics holidays demographic trends house aged care puzzle selfie leader Myth year 12 define TAS acf15 investing dessert visualisation paying to work jobs parents office space demographer earn cancel plans Real Estate Institute of Victoria weather mother's day lifestyle sydney speaker dare to dream local community poker master faith TDE affordable learn community "know the times" in depth interviews tips mover and shaker Sydney keynote speaker financial leadership workshop market research balance apartments grave decision ease of travel NBRS urban living index Channel Seven shbc outsourcing apartment meals recap energy economy gen z aged care youth unemployment workplace culture consumerism hello fresh SRE potts point population growth forecasting English university degree SMART volunteers travelling Northern Beaches screenage resilience vegemite anzac analysis growing population wellbeing ashley fell culture cooking education social lives New South Wales national private wealth charity schools students facts proactive generation Z woolworths population map social research employers leadership Australian schools organisations housing affordability gold coast research data Northern Territory poor tableau follow australian social research cancelling plans Christmas presents monarchy entrepreneurs of today students government social change research report divorce brisbane water Love new office thrive customer not for profit cultural diveristy Social Trend 40 million train thought leadership fresh parenting eliane Deaths supply and demand families the average aussie trends of 2017 daily telegraph #censusfail click marriage local communities demography Word Up Gen X Crime Rates quote geomapping World Water Day communication staying in kate middleton social life home owner census data motivate christian economic social media men Skilling educhat buildings low density not-for-profit Christmas season CBD urban social enquiry urban taskforce teaching plans average Australian Canberra typical australian shopping qualitative research trades personal growth IT Specialists renter of the future research services socialising James Ward dreaming housing 1975 1980 professional speaker wealth distribution cultural diversity baby name trends identity financial dreams royal family participants travel church Do It Yourself showreel Australian Trends Assistant Store Manager mining boom