40 Years of Change: 1975 to Today

Thursday, February 26, 2015

Since 1975 Australia has seen four decades of massive change – demographically, socially, economically, politically, globally, culturally and technologically.

In such an area it is important to not just observe the changes but to understand the trends and respond, so that we can thrive in these massive times of change.

In this video below Social Researcher and Demographer Mark McCrindle outlines these changes.

Australian population bigger and older

In 1975 the Builders generation was firmly in control, the Baby Boomers were emerging and Generation X were still kids. More than half of Australia’s population wasn’t born in 1975 and since then we’ve seen massive generational change. We’ve also seen massive population change. Back then Australia’s population was 13.7 million and today it’s almost 24 million people, an increase of more than 10 million in four decades.

In the 1970s, the average age of an Australian was in the late 20’s, while today it’s in the late 30’s, such has been the ageing of our population in that time.

Our life stages have also changed in the past 40 years. People were getting married in their early twenties back in the seventies, while now the median age of marriage is approaching the thirties, indicating great social change as well.

Earning more, costing more

Australians are also earning a lot more now than we were back then; the average full time earnings in 1975 was $7,600 per year, today the annual average earnings exceed $72,000 per annum.

And while we are earning more, costs are a lot more today than they were back then. The cost of a loaf of bread today is more than 10 times the price it was in 1975, while a litre of milk today is 3 times the cost it was 4 decades ago.

Four decades ago Sydney had the highest house cost, averaging $28,000 while today it exceeds $850,000. So while earnings have gone up, by almost tenfold, house prices have gone up by more than thirtyfold in that same period of time.

The year of the Dismissal and an end to the Vietnam War

1975 was a year of massive political change as well. The year began with Gough Whitlam as Australia’s Prime Minister, but it was the year of the Dismissal and so it ended with Malcom Fraser as Prime Minister.

Gerald Ford was the president of the United States and it was the year that the Vietnam War ended, a time of massive global change.

Jaws vs The Lego Movie

From a popular culture perspective it was quite a different era. We had harsher tastes back then perhaps because Jaws was the movie of the year compared to The Lego Movie of today. ACDC had the album of the year back then compared to Taylor Swift currently.

1970: The Beatles break up.

1972: M*A*S*H Show premieres.

1972: Terrorist attack at the Olympic Games in Munich.

1973: U.S pulls out of Vietnam.

1975: Pol Pot becomes the Communist Dictator of Cambodia and the Cambodian Genocide begins.

1975: Gough Whitlam is dismissed and Malcom Fraser elected.

1975: NBC's Saturday Night (later known as Saturday Night Live) debuts.

1976: Jimmy Carter is elected President of the United States.

1979: Margaret Thatcher becomes the first woman Prime Minister of Great Britain.

1979: Mother Theresa awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

1979: The World Health Organisation certifies the eradication of smallpox.

Popular Movies:

Technological advancements that changed the world

1970: Computer Floppy Disks are introduced.

1971: VCRs introduced.

1975: Microsoft is founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen, who develop a BSIC program for the Microcomputer Altair 8800, and is released the same year.

1975: The world’s first digital camera is created by Steven Sasson and Kodak Company.

1975: The laser printer is invented.

1977: The first personal computers (PC) are introduced.

1979: Sony introduces the Walkman.

1979: Cell phones are invented.

The speed and impact of these changes remind us to not just observe the changes but to understand the changes and respond so that we can thrive in these times of massive change.

To find out more about how we can help your organisation remain relevant:

Welcome to our blog...

We have a passion for research that tells a story, that can be presented visually, that brings about change and improves organisations. And we hope these resources help you know the times.

Our Social Media Sites

Facebook | McCrindle Research Social Media YouTube | McCrindle Research Social Media Twitter | McCrindle Research Social Media Flickr | McCrindle Research Social Media Pinterest | McCrindle Research Social Media Google Plus | McCrindle Research Social Media LinkedIn | McCrindle Research Social Media Mark McCrindle Slideshare

Last 150 Articles


monarchy potts point baby boomers outsourcing Sydney keynote speaker charity emerging technologies commute REIV National Conference relevant Births population growth the australian dream anzac university learning styles shbc family young australians low density society trends royal baby Western Australia urban local communities CBD gen alpha Christchurch cartodb Wellington wealth educated authenticity wealth distribution Hornsby Shire Council workplace community ageing PSI Love mover and shaker australians staying home more victoria wolloomooloo communication alpha baby names 2017 baby name predictions omnibus population millennials World Water Day not-for-profit goal Christmas presents insights Population Clock collaborative leadership proactive new office high density living FOMO participants baby school students Australian Families Australian Home renting stats Australian Bureau of Statistics school satisfaction Queensland supply and demand snapshot DIY women generations housing market study neutral bay house price rise schools students social shifts financial future event earnings wage teleworking entertainment Channel Seven digital house builders dreaming school SMSF menai mobile GPO non profit wealth and income distribution qualitative research Geoff Brailey teacher staff innovative Social Trend energy Real Estate sydney speaker consumerism Gen Y ipswich generation alpha media activity Melbourne cancelling plans 1968 Royals healthy future teach residents Northern Beaches Christian School not for profit South Australia Do It Yourself media high density DESTEL cash statistics gold coast education sector winter blues high density apartments Generation Y research data transport analysis suburb aged care weather vegemite lifestyle technology ACT graphs Research Executive follow families organisational culture define social aged care puzzle research services trends analyst toys investor Financial Planning Association resource optimistic conference mythbusting house price students socialites millenials motivate summer office opening housing trends wedding rental stress Tuesday Trends ageing population tips NSW market research results fears Tasmania System's Architect public holiday 2015 group social analysis Assistant Store Manager teachers Northern Territory emerging trends personalities emerging generations australia social media daily commute sector wide work 24,000,000 23 million training social change year 7 survey Bathburst urban living index pyrmont communities house prices bureau sentiments staying in language culture overcast sunny days demographic transformations moreton bay curiosity generation cooking experience Scouts public speaking SA Education Future Forum darwin owning a home earn parenting award Kiwi Canberra skills pharmacies shopping collaboration jobs marriages faux-cilising life media release know the times HSC IT Specialists Christmas lunch marrickville entrepreneurial urban living rent domestic online Australian schools list challenge click learn property market mythbusters religion Duchess of Cambridge conference presentation ACF 2016 marketing government social trends faux-ciliser hills shire annual income capital city events education future report learning VIC presentation litter Mark McCrindle ultimo January 26th census optus networking conference speaker nfp hopes sydneycity typical australian workplace culture data visualisation global child care product twentyseventeen The Daily Edition keynote speaker children Word Up cancelling event real population milestone stay home EFF sydney event state growing population 2020 post rationalism village personal growth optus my business awards Engineering Manager holidays 2014 professional speaker states vegetarian local mccrindle blaxland New Zeland Res Vis future career responsive dare to dream millionth household Financial Planning Association of Australia TAS social impact Real Estate Institute of Victoria mccrindle in the media wealth and income workshop global generations forum youth unemployment business Channel 7 safe case study FPA in depth interviews rule keeper area future-proof high school Merry Christmas deloitte Australian Communities Trends property names social enquiry crime leader sector wide study cancel plans volunteers "know the times" 2012 coffee repayments slideshare royal internships Aussies food trend eliane manly rising house prices capital cities office baby boom christianity population map housing living NT etiquette professional development ACF eliane miles world youth day workforce mccrindle research futurist storytelling new york times divorce rate education future cold affordable Northern beaches Event social commentary resilience weekly earnings bondi celebration ideas education 1980 unaffordable crows nest demographics entrepreneurs of today communications research pack tuesday increasing densification google entrepreneur forecasting brand experience social research mccrindle tea newspaper balance Gen X year 12 earning environment presentations demographic trends generation Z Australian Trends shopper's pick Kirsten Brewer WA cloudy days change brisbane buildings TDE survey design global financial crisis Australian Dream water ethnography recap norwest rain households Valentine’s Day 1975 trends of 2017 trends of 2016 economy investment New Zealand mentor holiday visualisation medicine ease of travel woolworths Australians thrive future proof sector facts investing young people infographic wall princess charlotte sports learner friends social researchers tea McCrindle Speakers middle class royal influence paying to work grandparents work-life financial dreams in the media Territory keynote huffington post national wealth data group session goals renter of the future trends Sydney New South Wales 2013 internet debt clothing Deaths intern organisations Australian Census small business gender customer sydneysiders sustainable tattoos spend Queensland: QLD australian communities trends report communicate relational shifts cost Australian demographics demographer divorce tertiary education environmental scanning employment program business index innovation suburbs NEETs schools friendship australian communities forum cultural diversity father's day quote baby name trends student hobart the changing face of report selfie Northern Beaches society trend tuesday ashley mckenzie jobs of the future socialising demographic equip priorities church news hello fresh visual future of work Crime Rates Australia Day dream Wagga Wagga financial independence affordability online shopping media commentary home ownership world video housing affordability prince george wages brand mining boom consumer dessert national crime rates poor home owner sunburnt country 10 years easter city home social commentator hornsby google for education Charlotte winter The ABC of XYZ teaching national private wealth rich meals professional JOMO future proofing royal family criminal Australia Day 2017 daily telegraph engagement geomapping Adelaide Australian communities community event megatrends Christmas season REIV Conference waverton lalor park February 16 education research brands 24 million gen z conferences work mates moderators guide tv researcher salary logan research visualisation housing growth data analyst perth retirement 1994 property price land of the middle class marriage christmas forecast generational trends seasons debate 40 million Caregiver Generation X leadership workshop research faux-cilise ABS plans panel Myth Tuesday Trend wellbeing employers cost of living identity financial 2016 Netflix mortgage Aussie men aussie culture engage youth social lives speakers community engagement budget poker master easy rider income Financial Planning Week publication tableau growth cars internship happiness future of education office space Wodonga going out insight narcissism fresh interactive English economic politics apartment kate middleton infographic mother's day finance pharmacy university degree suburban living urban taskforce social life focus groups greatness australian social research couple parents sun offenders baby name acf15 average aussie unemployment ashley fell careers thought leadership educhat social researcher long weekend townhouses focus group meetings rise of local mateship