2016 Census shows a growing, ageing, and more culturally diverse Australia

Tuesday, June 27, 2017
Source: The Australian Bureau of Statistics Infographic 

The Census results, released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics today, reveal a picture of a changing Australia. Our nation is larger, older, more culturally diverse and less religious than at any other time in history.

A nation of 24.6 million and growth of 8.8% since the 2011 Census

On Census night in 2016, 23.4 million individuals who normally live in Australia were counted – an 8.8% increase from 2011. This doesn’t include the 300,000 visitors, or the 600,000 Australians who were overseas at the time. As at 31 December 2016, the ABS estimates a total population of 24.4 million (and today it is 24.6 million).

While New South Wales (7.5 million) and Victoria (5.9 million) remain our largest states, the fastest growing states were the ACT (11.2% growth), followed by Victoria (10.7%) and Western Australia (10.5%).

Cities absorb most of Australia’s growth

Two thirds (67%) of our nation lives in Australia’s capital cities, which have grown twice as fast as the rest of Australia over the past five years (10.5% compared to 5.7% for the remainder of Australia).

Our biggest capital city remains Sydney (4.8 million) which has grown 9.8% in five years, while Melbourne (4.4 million) is not far behind and edging closer with 12.1% growth. Our fastest growing cities since 2011 have been Darwin (14% growth), Melbourne (12%) and Perth (12%).

Migration is the key growth driver, led by migrants from China and India

1.3 million new migrants from 180 nations have come to call Australia home since 2011, with most of them settling in Sydney and Melbourne. Of the more than 6 million migrants who call Australia home, 18% have arrived since the start of 2012.

China (191,000 migrants; 14.4% growth) and India (163,000 migrants; 12.3% growth) are the top places of birth for migrants since 2011. This is followed by migrants from the UK (8.3% growth), New Zealand (7.4% growth) and the Philippines (4.9% growth).

Nearly half of us are ‘first’ or ‘second’ generation Aussies

Migration has changed Australia’s cultural landscape. 26.3% of Australians are now born overseas (up from 24.6% in 2011). Australians are most likely to have had at least one parent born overseas (both parents Australian born has declined from 50.0% to 47.3%).

While most Australians (73%) speak only English at home, more than a fifth of Australians (21%) speak one of the 300 or more languages spoken across our nation. Mandarin (2.5%), Arabic (1.4%), Vietnamese (1.2%), and Cantonese (1.2%) are the most commonly spoken languages.

The top places of birth of all Australians who were born outside of Australia are England (3.9%, down from 4.2% in 2011), New Zealand (constant at 2.2%), China (2.2%, up from 1.5% in 2011), India (1.9%, up from 1.4% in 2011) and the Philippines (1.0%, up from 0.8%). European migrants tend to be much older than Asian born migrants, who are more likely to have come in recent years and are therefore younger.

Not only growing, but ageing

Australia has developed a middle-age spread as our population is ageing. As the proportion of the population aged over 50 has grown, the child and teenage population as a proportion has decreased. Those aged 65+ now represent 16% of the population (up from 14% in 2011). In Tasmania, Australia’s oldest state, almost one in five residents are aged 65 or older. Since 2011, the median age of an Australian has increased from 37 to 38.

Rise in single households

Since 2011, family households have declined in their proportion of all households (71.3% down from 71.5%), while single parent households have risen (from 24.3% to 24.4%), along with group households (from 4.1% to 4.3%).

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population increased

Almost 650,000 individuals of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander origin were recorded in the Census, comprising 2.8% of our population nationally. This is an increase of 18% since 2011 and a doubling since 1996. More than 3 in 5 of Australia’s recorded Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population lives in New South Wales (33%) and Queensland (29%).

‘No religion’ the largest category of religion for the first time

Australia remains a predominantly religious country, with 60% reporting religious affiliation. More than half of Australians affiliate with Christianity (52%, down from 61% in the 2011 Census) while those who adhere to other religions (8%) has remained constant.

Islam (2.6%, increasing from 2.2% in 2011), Buddhism (2.4%; decreasing from 2.5%), Hinduism (1.9%; increasing from 1.3%), Sikhism (0.5%; increasing from 0.3%), and Judaism (0.4%; decreasing from 0.5%) are Australia’s largest ‘other’ religions.

‘No religion’ is now the single largest religious affiliation at 29.6% (larger than the most prominent Christian affiliation of Catholic at 22.6%), up from 21.8% in 2011.

Growing cost of living pressures in capital cities

Average household weekly incomes increased by 16.5%, from $1,234 in 2011 to 1,438. However, over the same period, median weekly rents increased by 17.5% (from $285 to $335 today). Median rent is highest in Sydney ($440/week) and Darwin ($420/week).

The proportion of Australians renting has increased to 30.9% (up from 29.6% in 2011), while 34.5% own their home with a mortgage (down from 34.9%) and 31% own outright (down from 32.1%).

Median mortgage repayments are highest in Sydney, Darwin, and Canberra, where mortgage repayments are well over $2,000 per month. Perth, Sydney & Melbourne have the highest proportion of mortgage holders who spend more than 30% of their income on their mortgage.

More than 1 in 5 Sydneysiders face ‘rental stress’ or ‘mortgage stress’

The housing crisis is greatest in Australia’s largest city. 8% of Sydneysiders face mortgage stress (paying more than 30% of their pre-tax income on their mortgage), and a further 14% face rental stress (paying more than 30% of their income to the landlord). Combined, 22% of Sydneysiders face significant housing affordability challenges.

Car ownership up

The proportion of households with no motor vehicles declined from 8.6% in 2011 to 7.5% in 2016. The proportion of households with two or more vehicles increased from 52.6% to 54.3%. While internet connections from home have increased since 2011, 14.1% of Australian households still do not access the internet from their dwelling.

Contact

For media commentary from our media team, please contact Kimberley Linco – kim@mccrindle.com.au or 02 8824 3422

Welcome to our blog...

We have a passion for research that tells a story, that can be presented visually, that brings about change and improves organisations. And we hope these resources help you know the times.

Our Social Media Sites

Facebook | McCrindle Research Social Media YouTube | McCrindle Research Social Media Twitter | McCrindle Research Social Media Flickr | McCrindle Research Social Media Pinterest | McCrindle Research Social Media Google Plus | McCrindle Research Social Media LinkedIn | McCrindle Research Social Media Mark McCrindle Slideshare


Last 150 Articles


Tags

education future report economic hopes January 26th youth unemployment poor James Ward high school Northern Beaches Christian School IT Specialists entrepreneurs of today travel data visualisation train ashley fell online shopping Royals baby names local sydneycity mobile home TEDx crows nest emerging technologies demographic panel cost wealth and income consumerism Territory geomapping area Assistant Store Manager Adelaide new office wage visualisation storytelling world recap growth earn HSC weekly earnings sunny days sentiments increasing densification school satisfaction cash debt parents work-life goal Canberra woolworths organisations wealth royal family average sydneysider year 12 GPO the hills shire repayments choice workers follow ferry young people the australian dream teachers toys crime TAS safe chairty digital millenials royal criminal mccrindle research sun financial planning national wealth culture census 2016 Gen Y bus hobart socialising Christmas presents cica ACF 2016 Australia Day 2017 fears thrive mccrindle tea schools unemployment housing growth energy child care public holiday christian gender shifts research services sector tableau Aussies leader social commentator water South Australia global know the times city professional speaker impact financial independence 1968 unaffordable cultural diveristy affordable public speaking media activity household report family moreton bay annual income experience Bathburst organisational culture future of work sydneysider jobs gold coast insights System's Architect Merry Christmas census fail Channel Seven monarchy Australian Dream financial future NFP event internships households 1980 australian communities trends report financial fears living shopping centre suburbs house prices meetings high density rise of local new york times royal influence grandparents aged care puzzle Australian demographics speaker brand experience Christchurch Deaths results innovation social finance financial dreams 40 million the great screenage VET sydney metro generational trends young australians Australia Day buildings christmas sustainable food menai 24,000,000 manly grave decision Australians alpha friendship winter blues educhat offenders renting tertiary education research data marriages 1975 megatrends business performance australian communities forum australian social research social media urban living index earning poker master ACT apartments Financial Planning Week 2012 average aussie census Hills Shire Council charity survey Caregiver Channel 7 futurist average Australian innovative sunburnt country townhouses prince george social change divorce darwin leadership workshop priorities case study states 2016 VET sector ACF17 equip Sydney leadership paying to work Northern Beaches omnibus census data home owner collaboration property market huffington post neutral bay group session interactive daily commute Melbourne real 2020 state charities rule keeper researcher divorce rate media commentary TED talk religion cost of living generation investing princess charlotte award tips public speaker trades faux-cilise Australian Census weather teaching jobs of the future litter social trends 2015 slideshare Population Clock PSI FOMO happiness relational ideas forecast Engineering Manager renter of the future wealth distribution Gen X narcissism optimistic changing face of sydney career financial rich list office space forecasting society trends purpose baby name easter eliane miles New South Wales office McCrindle Speakers entrepreneur Western Australia casual dream christianity challenge meals customer tuesday acf15 Valentine’s Day VIC names insight lifestyle parenting sydney speaker NEETs australians staying home more communication networking fresh rain generation alpha 10 years house price sydneysiders communications mccrindle in the media mother's day research report bondi Births February 16 Mark McCrindle dreams teacher Wagga Wagga Duchess of Cambridge the average aussie motivate nfp program baby name trends trends of 2017 social issues graphs high density living ACF2017 Financial Planning Association of Australia local communities budget generation Z Australian Population education etiquette baby Love ethnography social shifts DIY baby boomers Australian schools training define outsourcing house price rise communities conferences in depth interviews mining boom logan Social Trend Work place Charlotte capital cities Northern beaches Event video NSW environmental scanning trend celebration cars breakfast social impact goals lalor park professional services Scouts The Daily Edition marriage brisbane sector wide study investor supply and demand bureau Australian Trends thought leadership workplace culture Australian communities demographic transformations youth population map future of education blaxland clothing Sydney keynote speaker Christmas season small business mateship global generations shopping norwest NT land of the middle class healthy future housing middle class high density apartments personal growth greatness mover and shaker marrickville property Financial Planning Association personalities speakers pack society education research Kiwi housing affordability identity belief faux-ciliser facts social research 2016 census friends Australian Home 2016 census results 1994 story families medicine SMART easy rider faux-cilising baby name predictions Christmas lunch ageing population entrepreneurial baby names australia report Education Future Forum quote CPI staff ease of travel Aussie owning a home data analyst typical australian ultimo selfie research visualisation infographics Research Director Geoff Brailey economy resilience TDE gig employers university degree Vocational education media release presentation Tuesday Trends tv affordability ipswich couple cancelling event Macquarie University work mates millennials Do It Yourself coffee conference presentation relevant trend tuesday Queensland: QLD brand group social enquiry teleworking teach NBRS plans keynote speaker rent CBD demographics baby boom analysis hills shire residents volunteers kate middleton housing trends Real Estate Institute of Victoria participants cartodb micro contiki 2017 Myth brands anzac growing population community Skilling the changing face of deloitte New Zealand speakers Andrew Duffin investment capital city money hornsby schools students business index sydney event 23 million mortgage NBRS Architecture volunteering data school rental stress event Wellington future of shopping twentyseventeen intern women learning research pack office opening future-proof technology commute debate 2013 low density workforce vegemite Northern Territory dreaming communicate socialites SA employment men urban living long weekend housing market language builders social analysis culturally diverse research house community event media mythbusters presentations population wealth and income distribution going out Generation Y property price marketing qualitative research internet workshop volunteer stats environment generations non profit national crime rates summer workplace population growth work stay home DESTEL volunteering REIV National Conference educated pharmacy award winner moderators guide collaborative population milestone victoria live the dream Australian community trends seasons EFF gen z australian community trends report car suburb emerging generations REIV Conference baby names report Netflix earnings not for profit product authenticity click ashley mckenzie survey design 24 million sports Tuesday Trend Wodonga winter #censusfail consumer English students in the media publication Crime Rates ageing education future urban online infographic wall royal baby WA social researcher engagement father's day staying in cooking Research Executive post rationalism government New Zeland demographer trends analyst shopper's pick Kirsten Brewer apartment holiday study cancelling plans market research TED curiosity demographic trends micro apartments balance learning styles shbc careers salary trends life Sydney Hills Business Chamber social life professional development spirituality resource future proof village responsive events aussie culture visual Australia street hills showreel Australian Bureau of Statistics census results JOMO SMSF millionth keynote cold aged care education sector professional presenters overcast Real Estate children travelling proactive mentor vegetarian not-for-profit wolloomooloo year 7 business australia hello fresh social researchers Tasmania news professional conference school students rising house prices cancel plans emerging trends wages domestic politics Hornsby Shire Council pharmacies gen alpha gig economy eliane Queensland Generation X home ownership tattoos care support dare to dream church change dessert optus future proofing Word Up suburban living demography focus groups mccrindle perth student infographic national private wealth SRE data trends of 2016 2014 Australian Communities Trends google global financial crisis entertainment Australian Families daily telegraph optus my business awards engage potts point FPA the hills snapshot ACF internship sector wide transport tea faith skills urban taskforce spend World Water Day learn holidays university world youth day australian focus group retirement future pyrmont statistics cultural diversity waverton "know the times" google for education local community wedding community engagement social commentary mythbusting screenage wellbeing sydney hills conference speaker learner forum cloudy days newspaper Res Vis social lives commuters ABS The ABC of XYZ income

Archive